Wednesday, September 10, 2014

American House Styles

Colonial
-1600-1820
-Two chimneys, one on either side end
of the house
-Central door, two windows on either side, and five windows of the second floor
-Uses both siding and brick





































Cape Cod
-1600-1950
-One or one and a half stories
-Large central chimney
-Front door in front or , in some cases, on the side


















































Saltbox
-1650-1830
-Sloping gable roof
-One, one and a half, or two stories
-Will have both a single center chimney or a pair of chimneys

































Garrison
-1920-1950
-Two stories
-All Rectangular in shape
-Over hang on second floor




































Shaker
-Large houses for groups of people
-Open floor plan
-Simple clean lines boarders doors and windows (no decorative)
-Use marble and fine-granite in foundation






























Georgian
-1690-1830
-Double Chimneys
-Five Windows across
-Square Shape

















Greek Revival
-1825-1860
-Porch Entry with Columns
-Symmetrical Shape
-Narrow Windows Around Door








































Gothic Revival
-1840-1860
-Group Chimneys
-Oriel Windows
-Pinnacles


















































Federal
-1780-1840
-Decorated Crown
-Shutters
-Oval Rooms and Arches












































Italianate
-1840-1885
-Towers
-Brick and Wood Clap Board
-Low Pitched Often Square








































Second Empire
-1855-1885
-Patterned Slate on Roof
-Tall Windows on First Floor
-Small Entry Porch











































Victorian
-1840-1900
-Wide Steep Roofs; with Wood Shingles
-Tall, Thick, Brick Chimneys
-Towers















































French Revival
-1840-1915
-Smooth Stone Walls
-Cube Shaped
-Quoins (large stone blocks at the corners)
































Farmhouse
-1700-Today
-Clapboard Ceiling
-Simple Roof Structure, often with gables
-Wide Porch at Front of the House






























Tudor

-1890-present
-Brick, stone, or stucco siding
-Stone or Brick Chimney
-very steep cross gables
















































Shingle
-1874-1910
-Wood shingle siding
-cross gables
-porches













































Craftsman
-1905-1930
-Exposed roof rafters
-Open floor plans
-stone porch












































Bungalow
-1905-1930
-one and a half stories
-living room in center
-Built-in cabinets, shelves, and seats












































Prairie Style
-1893-1920
-low-pitched roof
-overhanging lines
-open floor plan













































American Foursquare
-1895-1930
-simple box shape
-four-room plan
-Full-width porch with wide stairs

























































Ranch
-1945-1980
-single story
-deep-set eaves
-simple floor plans













































Split Level
-1945-1980
-entry with stairs leading both up and down
-front door opens into living room
-front door opens to landing